Offline version of WordPress installation is the one in which WordPress is installed locally on a computer. For offline WordPress installation, you need to turn your computer into a local server. Once this is done, you can install WordPress on your home computer. Offline WordPress installation has many benefits which are discussed as under :
No Impact On Live Website
The biggest advantage of offline installation is that you are not working on a live website that is available for the open public. This means a WordPress developer can make any kinds of changes like plugins installation, customizing your website themes and anything. Everything is confidential, which does not impact the live website.
Enhances Website Development
The second main advantage is that it speeds up the development process of the WordPress website. Working on the local server is always faster as compared to the server of the web host. There is always a bit of latency when a developer is working on the server of the web host. This is eliminated with offline WordPress installation.
Testing And Backups
Finally, you can create backups for your WordPress website. In the process of WordPress web development, backups are essential to store the important information in a secured database. You get ample time to make as well as test for the backups you have created.
Now, let’s see how you can install WordPress offline. In order turn a computer into a local server, you would need server programs, which are PHP, MySQL and Apache. If you have a windows computer, you can use XAMPP to install the server programs. And if you have a Mac, you can use MAMP. Although XAMPP can work on a Mac as well, but MAMP should be preferred because it is more stable on it. Now in order to install WordPress offline, follow the 5 steps as listed below.
1. Install A Local Server
Download the latest version of XAMPP on your windows server computer. In case of Mac, download MAMP. While installing, check the dialog box to create the desktop icon. Do not change the default folder for installation which will become the root of the hard drive.
2. Create A New User And Database
From the desktop icon, open XAMPP control panel. Run the Apache and MySQL services. Now open the browser and type:: localhost/phpmyadmin/.
In phpMyAdmin, enter the name for your database and click on “CREATE”. A database has been created. So now, you need to create a user for the database. From the “Privileges” menu, click on “Add a new user”and enter the username and password.
3. Download WordPress
Now, go to the official website of WordPress and download the latest version. You can download it from : wordpress.org/download/
Extract the WordPress zip file you downloaded.
4. Configure WordPress With Your Database
Till now, you have created a database and downloaded WordPress. Now you need to configure them.
For this, go to:: C:\xampp\htdocs\wordpress.
Open:: wp-config-sample.php in any text editor. Here you need to edit the areas like database name, username and password as per the details in step 2. After the editing, save the file as wp-config.php in the same folder.
5. Install WordPress
Finally, install WordPress, During installation, make sure that MySQL and Apache services are running. Installing WordPress is easy and you get step by step instructions on the screen.